What do I do if I spot a mistake?

If you notice a mistake please contact us via the Contact Us facility and we can put it right.

Are the cartoons still in copyright?

No. J. M. Staniforth passed away in 1921 and his work is therefore out of copyright. If you wish to reproduce any cartoon you are free to do so, but we would appreciate a credit to the 'Cartooning the First World War project at Cardiff University'. If you wish to obtain a higher resolution image of any cartoon please get in touch using the Contact Us facility.

Can I obtain images of the cartoons for personal use and/or education?

For personal or educational use please use the My Lightbox facility to access images of the cartoons. You may find the Teaching Pack on the Resources page of interest.

Who was J. M. Staniforth?

J. M. Staniforth was a political cartoonist whose work appeared in the Western Mail (Cardiff’s daily paper), the Evening Express (Cardiff’s evening paper) and the News of the World (the Sunday paper). He was born in 1863 and died in 1921 and was one of the first newspaper cartoonists in Britain. Please see the biographical entry under 'Resources' for more information.

Was Staniforth Welsh?

He was born in Gloucester in 1863. His father was from Yorkshire and his mother from Derbyshire, but the family had already lived in Cardiff (his older brother Arthur had been born there) and the 1871 census finds the family living on St Mary Street in the heart of the town. Joseph lived almost all of his life in Cardiff, only moving to Devon in 1919 for health reasons. He was not a Welsh speaker, but only a small minority of Cardiffians spoke Welsh at this time. And English-born migrants were very numerous in the town, so Joseph was entirely unremarkable in that respect.

What were Staniforth's politics?

Staniforth was on the political right on most issues. He was a monarchist, a supporter of the British Empire, and of the Established Church. In most general elections he aligned himself with Conservative and Unionist politicians. In these matters he was often at one with the editorial policy of the Western Mail, if not always with that of the News of the World, which shifted politically over time from the right to a more centrist position. During the years immediately before the First World War Staniforth appears to have become more sympathetic to the leading Liberal politician (and Welshman) David Lloyd George, and certainly during the First World War he became a champion of Lloyd George, continuing this support into the immediate post-war period.

Staniforth did, however, occasionally adopt a critical stance towards British government policy, both on international and domestic matters. He evinced regular sympathy for the ordinary working man and could be highly critical of those in positions of power who were thought to be abusing their wealth and influence.